This week marks the anniversary of the second 🇺🇸 US occupation of the #DominicanRepublic 🇩🇴 and countless US interventions (1905, 1907, 1911,1916,1965). * #JuanBosch was elected president in December 1962 and passed liberal land and labor reforms. The reforms went too far for Washington who feared a spread of Cuban Communism in the region would threaten American capitalist interests. Bosch was overthrown in a CIA-engineered military coup nine months later. .
In 1965 a faction of anti-imperialist military officers in the Dominican Republic’s Armed Forces, headed by Col. Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deño, led a broad movement of workers, peasants, youth and progressives to restore Bosch to power. On April 24, they made their move by seizing a major radio station, distributing weapons to civilian supporters and arresting the pro-U.S. Interim president the following day. .
The U.S. responded with Operation Power Pack: an invasion and #occupation of the Dominican Republic by over 40,000 troops. .
The 14-month occupation resulted in the deaths of 3,000 #Dominicans; for years afterward, workers and leftists continued to be tortured and disappeared. The forces guided bombing missions over villages, forbade public political meetings, and crushed dissent. .
When the occupation ended in 1966, Bosch "lost" the elections to the US-backed, Trujillo-protégé, Joaquín Belaguer, who funneled nearly all of Dominican Republic’s minerals and sugar into the warehouses of US businesses.
Virulently racist and antihaitian, Balaguer continued Dominican history revisionism and repression to ensure that so-called patriots would focus on an imagined "Haitian invasion" of the DR rather than the very real and bloody #American occupation(s) that brought him to power 💣