Dermal pigmentation is arguably one of the most difficult skin concerns to target due to the multiple pathways within the skin that impact the appearance of uneven tone. NIOD's RE: Pigment is a highly saturated serum with multiple brightening technologies formulated to target all forms of uneven skin tone. RP is a water-based serum formulated to target uneven tone by affecting various aspects of melanin production via several pathways within the skin. Diglucosyl Gallic Acid is a brightening, biotechnologically derived acid that is sixty times more potent than kojic acid, focused on enhancing skin radiance. White Shiitake Mushroom Extract reduces the appearance of dark spots. Solubilized Tetrapeptide-30 is a patented high-saturation peptide complex that works to visibly reduce contrast between areas of uneven skin tone. Shake lightly before use. Apply serum to face AM and PM. If used as part of a NIOD regimen, apply after CAIS 2:1 and CAIL 1% but before MMHC or other water-based serums. Please avoid unprotected UV exposure when using this formula. (15ml: CA$39.00/US$39.00/AU$60.00/£28.00/€34.00, 30ml: CA$70.00/US$70.00/AU$105.00/£50.00/€60.00).