Hi #koalas ! Here some #informations about today's site!🐨 The Temple of Olympian Zeus (#Greek: Ναός του Ολυμπίου Διός), also known as the #Olympieion or Columns of the Olympian Zeus, is a monument of #Greece and a former #colossal#temple at the centre of the Greek capital #Athens. It was dedicated to #Olympian#Zeus, a name originating from his position as head of the Olympian #gods. Construction began in the 6th century BC during the rule of the Athenian #tyrants, who envisaged building the greatest temple in the ancient world, but it was not completed until the reign of the #Roman#Emperor#Hadrian in the 2nd century AD, ~638 years after the project had begun. During the Roman period the temple -that included 104 colossal columns- was renowned as the #largest temple in Greece and housed one of the largest #cult#statues in the #ancient world.
A substantial part of the temple #remains today, notably sixteen of the original gigantic columns, and it continues to be part of a very important #archaeological#site of Greece.
Oğlu Tiberius Julius Aquila, babasının adını Asya vilayetlerinde ölümsüzleştirmek için, Asya Eyaletlerinin Başkenti olan Efes’te onun onuruna Celsus Kütüphanesi’ni inşa etmiştir.
Büyük bir olasılıkla oğul Aquila, öncelikle babasının vasiyetini yerine getirmek amacıyla kütüphane yerine heroon (mezar anıtı) yaptırmak istediyse de kent merkezinde bir mezar anıtı yapımı için izin alamadığı için kütüphane yaptırmak zorunda kalmıştır. Önce yapının merkezine babasının lahti (mezarını) yerleştirilmiş sonra inşaat devam etmiştir. Yapının en ilgi çeken kısmı restore edilmiş olan iki katlı ve çok süslü cephesidir. Kütüphanenin en önemli özelliklerinden biri mimarların inşaat sırasında aldatıcı bir perspektif yaratarak cepheyi olduğundan daha geniş gösterme becerisidir.
Ön cephenin iki katlı görünümüne karşın yapının içi üç katlıdır.
Ön cephedeki sütunlar arasındaki kaidelerin üzerinde yerleştirilmiş dört adet kadın heykeli antik heykel sanatının nadide örnekleridir. Bu heykeller Bilgelik, Bilgi, Zeka ve Erdem gibi Antik Çağın önem verdiği değerleri temsil eder.
Saint of the Day
Georgia was a maid of the Auvergne who embarked upon the life of a hermitess while still very young.
She ate almost nothing and prayed practically non-stop.
Her austerities may have contributed to her early death.
When she died, a flight of doves accompanied her body from her home to the church. The birds settled in the rafters during the funeral service and then flew above the coffin en route to the graveyard. When the coffin was lowered into the ground, the doves flew so high that they disappeared from sight.
There turned out to be a logical explanation for the birds’ strange behaviour - they weren’t doves at all but a flock of angels sent from heaven to honour Georgia’s purity.
There are no portraits of Georgia unfortunately; however today is also the feast day of St Faustinus and St Jovita, brothers martyred by the brutal Hadrian.
This is what they looked like: @lamplifeboatladder
Another great building made by Hadrian was Pantheon. Pantheon was built in favour for all Gods. This temple is an excellent piece of architecture and art. In the facade of Pantheon there is a inscription that says : “M.AGRIPPA L.F. COS. TERTIUM.FECIT”
That means Marcus Agrippa, the son of Lucius, who was consul three times, built Pantheon. Hadrian never wanted to show himself inside from his buildings.
The temple gives the impression of two styles in one. The classic front and the circle temple with dome. Every time a person enters Pantheon is excited with the image. The dome is supported in a cylinder. Eight enormous arcs supports the brick walls. Also in Pantheon, the heavier materials are in the lower stages of the building and the lighter materials are in the higher stages. Travertine is a heavy structural material used in lowest layer of the Pantheon. In the dome there are panels (coffers), squares depths for decorative reasons, but with the ability to lighten the weight of the dome.
Also the inside of Pantheon has a marvellous characteristic. The height of the inside space is equal to his diameter (43,20 m). The dome offering to us the image of the celestial atmosphere of all Gods. The oculus is the main source of light in the Pantheon. This opening have 8,30 m diameter and its one of the largest of his kind.
#history#rom#rome#ancient#art#picoftheday#artwork#architecture #rome #travel#tourist#italy#pantheon#hadrian